Listening and Speaking Tactics


The Importance of Saying Words OUT LOUD! 

Words take on a new color if you hear them in your

 own voice; they begin to belong to you more personally,

more intimately, than if you merely hear or read them.

As always, therefore, say the words aloud to take the first,

crucial step toward complete mastery.


Listening Strategies

 Taking Lecture Notes

The Importance of Taking Good Notes: Questions on most college course

exams are based on material from both the textbook and in-class lectures. So it is

important to take good notes when you listen to a lecture.

The Suggestions for Taking Good Notes:

Dont just listen. Always hold a pen in hand and be ready to write down

information. Taking notes makes you an active listener, which helps you

remember information later.

Dont try to write everything that you hear. Note taking is not dictation.

Dont write complete sentences. Instead, write key words. You can use

abbreviations or symbols of your invention. But be sure that you can

recognize those abbreviations or symbols when you review your notes after a

long period of time.

How to Organize Your Notes:

There are many ways to organize lecture notes, depending on the subject of the

lecture. One of the most common ways is the formal outline. A formal outline

distinguishes general ideas from specific ideas. In a formal outline, you write

general idea to the left, and indent specific ideas. You use symbols to indicate

levels of generality (going from the most general ideas to the least general

ideas):Roman numerals (I., II.), capital letters (A., B.), Arabic numerals (1.,2.),

and lowercase letters (a.,b.).

Ways to Practice Note Taking:

When you first listen to the lecture, dont rush to take notes. Dont worry

about understanding everything. Instead, you should relax and listen for the

main idea.

When you listen to the lecture for the second time, you should prepare a large

piece of blank paper and write down as much of the info as you can. While

taking note, you should remember to write more general info to the left, indent

specific info, and leave sufficient space between the lines so that you can fill

in more info later.

When you listen to the lecture for the third time, you should try hard to catch

more info and write down more info.

At this early stage of practicing taking notes, you can listen to the lecture as

many times as you can. To prevent you from getting exhausted from

note-taking, you can divide a long lecture into several sections, and listen to

one section at a time. But as the time progress, you should manage to reduce

the times of repeating the lecture and also extend the time of listening.

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