●The Importance of Saying Words OUT LOUD!
Words take on a new color if you hear them in your
own voice; they begin to belong to you more personally,
more intimately, than if you merely hear or read them.
As always, therefore, say the words aloud to take the first,
crucial step toward complete mastery.
Taking Lecture Notes
→The Importance of Taking Good Notes: Questions on most college course
exams are based on material from both the textbook and in-class lectures. So it is
important to take good notes when you listen to a lecture.
→The Suggestions for Taking Good Notes:
◎Don’t just listen. Always hold a pen in hand and be ready to write down
information.Taking notes makes you an active listener, which helps you
remember information later.
◎Don’t try to write everything that you hear. Note taking is not dictation.
◎Don’t write complete sentences. Instead, write key words. You can use
abbreviations or symbols of your invention. But be sure that you can
recognize those abbreviations or symbols when you review your notes after a
long period of time.
→How to Organize Your Notes:
There are many ways to organize lecture notes, depending on the subject of the
lecture. One of the most common ways is the formal outline. A formal outline
distinguishes general ideas from specific ideas. In a formal outline,you write
general idea to the left, and indent specific ideas.You use symbols to indicate
levels of generality (going from the most general ideas to the least general
ideas):Roman numerals (I., II.), capital letters (A., B.), Arabic numerals (1.,2.),
and lowercase letters (a.,b.).
→Ways to Practice Note Taking:
◎When you first listen to the lecture, don’t rush to take notes. Don’t worry
about understanding everything. Instead, you should relax and listen for the
◎When you listen to the lecture for the second time, you should prepare a large
piece of blank paper and write down as much of the info as you can. While
taking note,you should remember to write more general info to the left, indent
specific info, and leave sufficient space between the lines so that you can fill
in more info later.
◎When you listen to the lecture for the third time, you should try hard to catch
more info and write down more info.
◎At this early stage of practicing taking notes, you can listen to the lecture as
many times as you can. To prevent you from getting exhausted from
note-taking, you can divide a long lecture into several sections, and listen to
one section at a time. But as the time progress, you should manage to reduce
the times of repeating the lecture and also extend the time of listening.